Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)

Planes need kerosene (a fossil fuel) to fly. When we burn kerosene, it produces a gas known as carbon dioxide (CO₂). Too much CO₂ in the air traps extra heat around the earth, causing the earth’s temperature to rise. To reduce this global warming and avoid further climate change, we need to reduce our CO₂ emissions. One way to do that is by using a different fuel type: Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF).

What is SAF?

Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) is made from more sustainable resources. Like waste oils of organic origins (such as used cooking oil). This means the Sustainable Aviation Fuel we use:

  • Is a renewable feedstock
  • Emits at least 75% less CO₂ than fossil jet fuel throughout its lifecycle, from production to combustion
  • Reduces other harmful emissions like particulates and sulphur

What type of Sustainable Aviation Fuel does KLM use?

In 2011 we carried out the world’s first commercial flight partly powered by Sustainable Aviation Fuel made from used cooking oil. KLM only buys SAF produced from raw materials that do not compete with food production or affect biodiversity. For example, we don’t use soy and palm oil as these sources can be responsible for high deforestation rates.

All our sustainable fuel meets the criteria issued by:

A bit of SAF for every flight from Amsterdam

We add 1% SAF to the fuel system at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol for every departing flight. This means we’ve doubled the 0.5% we started with in 2022. While 1% SAF may seem very little, it’s an important step in the right direction. Our goal is to gradually incorporate more SAF, aiming for 10% of our total kerosene use by 2030.

To reach this goal, we collaborate with businesses that fly with us for business or cargo transport. You can also contribute by adding extra SAF to your booking. Through these collective efforts, we used one-tenth of the global SAF production in 2022, and we’re committed to accelerating the use and production of SAF further.

As we use more SAF, we’ve adjusted our ticket prices. The price increase is based on your travel class and the distance of your flight.

In 2011, KLM carried out the world’s first commercial flight partly powered by fuel made from used cooking oil.

Why not use 100% SAF?

Unfortunately, Sustainable Aviation Fuel has yet to be available on a large scale. This means that SAF is at least 3 to 4 times more expensive. Today, just a very small part of the millions of tons of kerosene used by commercial airlines is SAF. To significantly impact aviation’s overall carbon emissions, the contribution of our passengers helps.

Your eco-footprint

When you book a flight at KLM, we offer the option to buy extra SAF. The price for your contribution is calculated based on several factors that influence the amount of CO₂ emissions of your flight, like the type of aircraft, distance, and historical load factor.

With your contribution to SAF, you help to reduce air travel dependency on fossil fuels. We purchase 1% SAF for all flights departing from Amsterdam. It’s a start, but with your help, we can do more.

SAF prices per destination

About calculating your carbon emissions

Every year the accountancy organisation KPMG audits KLM to verify whether KLM’s calculation methods comply with the methods described below and are in line with principles as defined by international guidelines. The audit scope is available in the KPMG audit report.

Our latest methods and audit report:

Check the expected amount of CO₂ emissions for your flight in My Trip or when you book a flight.

Add SAF to your booking

You can add Sustainable Aviation Fuel while making your booking. Log in to My Trip if you already have a booking and want to add SAF.

Does your booking contain more than 1 passenger? Please note that adding SAF via My Trip is no longer possible if you’ve already added it for 1 of the passengers while booking.

What we do with your contribution to SAF

With your contribution, we buy extra SAF that we add to the fuel system at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (or 1 of the other airports where we add SAF). Your flight will not directly include your extra SAF contribution because it is logistically inefficient and complicated to arrange.

Because we add SAF to the airport fuel system, also other flights depart with more SAF on board. But they can't claim CO₂ reduction because they didn't pay for the SAF. KLM is audited annually to ensure that the claimed CO₂ reduction corresponds to the SAF certificates we have received.

The SAF contribution as part of your ticket, together with all other SAF-related benefits that KLM receives via our various programs, are 100% used to buy SAF and for further SAF development. Voluntary contributions will not be used to meet blending mandates. We will undertake our best efforts to incorporate the SAF within 12 months of your flight, subject to the product’s availability on the market.

Want to do more?

There are things you can do to reduce your carbon footprint. For instance, travelling light or bringing your earbuds or water bottle. Or buying SAF. We also offer our passengers the option to contribute to our selected nature regeneration projects.

More about nature regeneration

Frequently asked questions